World war 1 total war essay

The Eastern Front of the European Theatre of World War II encompassed the conflict in central and eastern Europe from June 22, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was the largest theatre of war in history in terms of numbers of soldiers, equipment and casualties and was notorious for its unprecedented ferocity, destruction, and immense loss of life (see World War II casualties ). The fighting involved millions of German , Hungarian, Romanian and Soviet troops along a broad front hundreds of kilometres long. It was by far the deadliest single theatre of World War II . Scholars now believe that at most 27 million Soviet citizens died during the war, including at least million soldiers who fell in battle against Hitler 's armies or died in POW camps. Millions of civilians died from starvation , exposure, atrocities, and massacres. [21] The Axis lost over 5 million soldiers in the east as well as many thousands of civilians. [22]

              Key: Location , Army dead, Navy dead, (Total dead)
              Japan Proper : 58,100, 45,800, (103,900)
              Bonin Islands : 2,700, 12,500, (15,200)
              Okinawa : 67,900, 21,500, (89,400)
              Formosa (Taiwan) : 28,500, 10,600, (39,100)
              Korea : 19,600, 6,900, (26,500)
              Sakhalin, the Aleutian, and Kuril Islands : 8,200, 3,200, (11,400)
              Manchuria : 45,900, 800, (46,700)
              China (inc. Hong Kong) : 435,600, 20,100, (455,700)
              Siberia : 52,300, 400, (52,700)
              Central Pacific : 95,800, 151,400, (247,200)
              Philippines : 377,500, 121,100, (498,600)
              French Indochina : 7,900, 4,500, (12,400)
              Thailand : 6,900, 100, (7,000)
              Burma (inc. India) : 163,000, 1,500, (164,500)
              Malaya & Singapore : 8,500, 2,900, (11,400)
              Andaman & Nicobar Islands : 900, 1,500, (2,400)
              Sumatra : 2,700, 500, (3,200)
              Java : 2,700, 3,800, (6,500)
              Lesser Sundas : 51,800, 1,200, (53,000)
              Borneo : 11,300, 6,700, (18,000)
              Celebes : 1,500, 4,000, (5,500)
              Moluccas : 2,600, 1,800, (4,400)
              New Guinea : 112,400, 15,200, (127,600)
              Bismarck Archipelago : 19,700, 10,800, (30,500)
              Solomon Islands : 63,200, 25,000, (88,200)

              Total : 1,647,200, 473,800, (2,121,000)
 

From 1939 to 1941, the Axis unquestionably had the upper hand in the conflict. During the first part of this period, nicknamed "the Phony War," hardly a shot was fired in western Europe. Only in the spring of 1940 did Hitler's forces resume action, conquering Denmark , Norway, the Low Countries , and France. The French, who relied on the defenses of the Maginot Line (designed to fight a World War I – style conflict of limited movement), surrendered after a nominal resistance effort. Most of the country fell under direct Nazi control, which a small portion to the southeast, with the town of Vichy as its capital, formed a pro-Axis government.

World war 1 total war essay

world war 1 total war essay

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