The main change to this revised chapter is a greatly expanded, and hence self-contained, description of bigram and trigram HMM part-of-speech tagging, including Viterbi decoding and deleted interpolation smoothing. Together with the new Chapter 6, this allows a complete introduction to HMMs for courses that don't use the speech recognition chapters. Other changes in this chapter include expanded descriptions of unknown word modeling and part-of-speech tagging in other languages, and many bug fixes. Finally, we've moved this chapter earlier in the book. (top)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Late Blooming or Language Problem? Available at: http:///public/speech/disorders/ . Accessed 6 June 2008.
Coplan J. Language Delays. In: Parker S, Zuckerman B, eds. Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.; 1995:195-199.
Guitar B, Belin-Frost G. Stuttering. In: Parker S, Zuckerman B, eds. Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.; 1995:294-296.
Leung AK, Kao CP. Evaluation and management of the child with speech delay. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Jun;59(11):3121-8, 3135.
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Stuttering. NIH Pub No 97-4232. May 2002. Available at: http:///health/voice/ . Accessed 6 June 2008.