In 1969, he founded the magazine Interview and, in 1979, the New York Academy of Art. In 1968 he survived an assassination attempt by disgruntled Factory hanger-on and radical feminist Valerie Solanas. He barely survived the attack, which left him with persistent health problems. Sadly, after Warhol’s work and influence became more solidified, thoughtful, and rich in the 1980s, in 1987 he entered New York Hospital for a routine gallbladder operation, but suffered an unexpected cardiac arrhythmia, which caused his death at the age of 58. His brother Paul and his brother John, who was also an artist, survived him. He remains one of the most influential artists of the 20th and 21st centuries and likely will for a very long time.
Postmodernism reflects a widespread disillusionment with life, as well as the power of existing value-systems and/or technology to effect beneficial change. As a result, authority, expertise, knowledge and eminence of achievement has become discredited. Artists are now far more wary about "big ideas" (. all 'progress' is good). Most important, "Modernist art" was seen not only as elitist but also as white, male-dominated and uninterested in minorities. Which is why postmodernism champions art by Third World, Feminist and Minority artists. However, critics say that - despite its supposed "rejection" of big ideas - the postmodern movement seems to have lots of big ideas of its own. Examples include: "all types of art are equally valid"; "art can be made out of anything"; "the democratization of art is a good thing" (how about the democratization of brain surgery?).