…We stopped in the port of Calicut, in which there were at the time thirteen Chinese vessels, and disembarked. China Sea traveling is done in Chinese ships only, so we shall describe their arrangements. The Chinese vessels are of three kinds; large ships called chunks (junks), middle sized ones called zaws (dhows) and the small ones kakams. The large ships have anything from twelve down to three sails, which are made of bamboo rods plaited into mats. They are never lowered, but turned according to the direction of the wind; at anchor they are left floating in the wind.
Aladdin as a character has his vices and virtues. To begin with, he seems to be a low-life who lacks ambition, but he discovers drive once good fortune comes his way. In other words, though he is certainly lucky, he also capitalizes on his luck. He is also witty and cunning. However, his greatest vice is his undeniable greed. He is never satisfied by what the genie gives him; he constantly seeks more and more. He also feels the need to flaunt his riches, particularly through his building of a massive palace. Had he not flaunted his riches this way, the magician might never have heard of him and returned to China. And perhaps worst of all, he refuses to accept that the sultan's daughter is married to another, crafting a rather insidious plan to get what he wants. (This offers another example of the way The Arabian Nights typically uses women: as objects to be desired.) Aladdin's young greed and naiveté is quite typical of a character like this, making it surprising that he eventually keeps his fortune. Stories of this type often punish the character for his greed (or only reward him when he uses a greater virtue for success).
For his London acts, Leno purchased songs from the foremost music hall writers and composers. One such composer was Harry King, who wrote many of Leno's early successes.  Other well-known composers of the day who supplied Leno with numbers included Harry Dacre and Joseph Tabrar .  From 1890, Leno commissioned George Le Brunn to compose the incidental music to many of his songs, including "The Detective", "My Old Man", "Chimney on Fire", "The Fasting Man", "The Jap", "All Through A Little Piece of Bacon" and "The Detective Camera".  Le Brunn also provided the incidental music for three of Leno's best-known songs that depicted life in everyday occupations: "The Railway Guard" (1890), "The Shopwalker" and "The Waiter" (both from 1891).  The songs in each piece became instantly distinctive and familiar to Leno's audiences, but his occasional changes to the characterisations kept the sketches fresh and topical.