"To Secure the Blessings of Liberty":
Liberty and American Federal Democracy Daniel J. Elazar
The Preamble of the Constitution of the United States lists six ends to which the Constitution is addressed: union, justice, domestic tranquility, defense, general welfare, and liberty. The last is presented most fully, to whit, "secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity." Taken together, those six define the ends of republican government. To best achieve those ends the American founders recognized that simple republicanism was not enough, that what was required was a compound republic, what we today call a federal system. The history of the founding generation of the United States of America is in no small measure a history of finding the way to such a compound republic, what the preamble refers to as a "more perfect union," the first item on the list.
During Adam’s tenure for Presidency, there was a serious dispute over foreign policies. Adams protected the policies crafted by Washington that he decided stay out of the war between the French and British. The French, however, saw America as the British’s junior partner, thus, it launched a “quasi-war” against America by seizing American merchant ships. Adams had sent three commissioners to settle this issue with the French, however, the French refuse to settle unless they will give a bribe. Adams was so humiliated and repulsive of the offer that he reported it to Congress and the Senate. This was the birth of the “XYZ” fever. This made Adams popular. Based on history, this was the most popular event of the Federalist Party. After a series of hostilities, France also did not approve of a war. Thus, ending the problem; Adams then sent a peace mission to France, but this brought out some rage from the Hamiltonians.