Let's review what we've learned. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two sides of a broader issue dealing with culture. The perspective of ethnocentrism addresses foreign peoples from the standpoint of the superiority of the observer's culture, including values, religion, and symbols. Cultural relativism addresses other people in light of those people's culture. Major issues can arise from ethnocentrism, as people can be dehumanized if their culture is not respected. Issues may also arise from relativism, because some cultures have inequalities and cause harm as part of their traditions and norms. The relativist has no basis to call this harm immoral.
In 1860, Adolf Bastian (1826–1905) argued for "the psychic unity of mankind."  He proposed that a scientific comparison of all human societies would reveal that distinct worldviews consisted of the same basic elements. According to Bastian, all human societies share a set of "elementary ideas" ( Elementargedanken ); different cultures, or different "folk ideas" ( Völkergedanken ), are local modifications of the elementary ideas.  This view paved the way for the modern understanding of culture. Franz Boas (1858–1942) was trained in this tradition, and he brought it with him when he left Germany for the United States. 
Patients often have a bias as to the preferred gender of the treating doctor. For example, some older patients may believe that only a male doctor is qualified to treat them, while female patients might find themselves more comfortable with a female doctor. Not only can be biases be a nuisance, but they can affect patient care as well. A patient who insists on waiting for a doctor of a certain gender might put his health at risk. A problem can occur on the other side as well, because doctors can have their own gender-based biases about their patients. Some women delay seeking medical treatment because they are concerned that the doctor will not take their concerns seriously – male doctors have a long reputation of telling women that they are just “hysterical” or that their complaints aren’t as bad as they think. In addition, doctors have biases in regard to women who are overweight, projecting a tendency to blame all of their health problems on the weight. Need essay sample on "Ethnocentrism culture" ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $/page