The primary law enforcement body in South Africa is the South African Police Services (SAPS), which is the first port of call for any person wanting to report a suspected act of corruption and open a criminal case. Within the SAPS is the Directorate for Priority Crime Investigations (colloquially known as the Hawks). The National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), which is South Africa’s centralised prosecuting authority, has the power to initiate criminal proceedings on behalf of the State. Within the NPA is the Specialised Commercial Crimes Unit, which has specialised commercial crime prosecutors and courts, and the Asset Forfeiture Unit. Further bodies utilised in investigating and prosecuting corruption are the following:
Freedom of expression is enshrined in the constitution and is well respected in practice ( FitW 2015 ). The internet is considered "free" ( FotN 2014 ). South Africa is home to a diverse and active media landscape ( FotP 2015 ). The press operates freely but is increasingly challenged by government officials' encroachments (FotP 2015) . South Africa has many civil society organisations that are concerned with anti-corruption efforts ( Iol , Sep. 2015). As the government has proposed several potentially restrictive laws, civil society has pushed back (FitW 2015).